Plantar Fasciitis, also known as ‘heel spurs’ or ‘jogger’s heel’, is a disorder resulting in heel pain. It involves the overuse of the plantar fascia, the thick band of tissue running from the heel bone to the ball of the foot that supports the arch of the foot and acts as a shock absorber. A third of people will experience the condition in both legs, and it is most common in middle-aged adults.
Plantar Fasciitis is caused when the ligaments supporting the arch of the foot are repeatedly strained. Typically the plantar fascia will stretch excessively and develop small tears where it attaches to the heel that causes the foot pain when standing or walking.
The most common causes of the condition are:
People experiencing Plantar Fasciitis will typically feel heel pain when stopping after standing or walking for long periods, with the discomfort usually lessening after resuming movement. Pain is often experienced in the front and bottom of the heel, and can feel like a throb, burn or ache.
Pain is often at its worst the longer you are on your feet, and can be exacerbated by certain movements such as climbing stairs or standing on your toes. It is also often at its most severe after a long period of rest or sitting. Discomfort is often triggered by bending the foot and toes towards the shin and can be aggravated by a tight achilles tendon.
This disorder is often characterised by pain felt at the beginning of exercise that improves as exercise continues but returns after it is completed.
To establish whether a person’s pain is caused by Plantar Fasciitis, a podiatrist may study your symptoms and health history, perform a Biomechanical Assessment to study your range of movement and may recommend a foot X-ray and/or an ultrasound scan.
Around 90% of Plantar Fasciitis cases resolve themselves in 6 months to 1 year when treated correctly. Dan Everson Podiatry recommends the following treatment for patients experiencing Plantar Fasciitis:
Dan Everson Podiatry recommends the following activities to help prevent Plantar Fasciitis: