The knee is the largest joint in the body. It is one of the most critical parts as it allows the lower leg to move while supporting the weight of the body.
Movements of the knee joint are crucial to many everyday activities including walking, running, sitting and standing. The upper and lower bones of the knee are separated by two discs and the upper and lower leg bones are joined by muscles, tendons and ligaments. The knee joint connects the thigh with the leg and the bones of the knee joint are covered by cartilage that helps shield the area against shock and provide a gliding surface for the movement of joints.
Knee pain is an extremely common problem that can occur in the bony structures of the knee joint, the kneecap or the ligaments and cartilage of the knee. It is an area vulnerable to injury and the development of osteoarthritis. Knee pain occurs in people of all ages, but older people and children are particularly vulnerable. If not treated appropriately, knee pain can impact the way you walk and even hurt your spine.