Arthritis is the inflammation of joints and can impact the hip, making it challenging to move without pain. Cartilage between the bones of a normal hip allow a gliding movement and effectively absorb shock. Arthritis of the hip causes a gradual disintegration of the cartilage and bone surfaces and results in inflammation of the hip joint. It can result from a particular injury or gradual damage.
Arthritis of the hip most often occurs in people over the age of 50. It is more common in overweight people with a history of hip injury.
Arthritis cannot be cured, however there are many options available to treat the symptoms and slow its progress to help reduce pain. The most common forms of arthritis to impact the hip are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that often impacts multiple joints of the body, including the hip. Rheumatoid arthritis typically occurs in both hips at the same time.
This condition occurs when the immune system attacks its own tissues. The immune cells attack the soft tissue between the joint capsule and joint cavity of the synovial joints, which causes the area to become swollen.
This form of arthritis affects 1% of the population, with women more than twice as likely to develop the condition as men.
The causes of rheumatoid arthritis are presently unknown.
The symptoms most often associated with rheumatoid arthritis of the hip are:
An experienced podiatrist can diagnose rheumatoid arthritis through history taking, a physical examination of the hip and a Biomechanical Assessment to study your range of movement, look for swelling in the joint and pain experienced through movement. An X-ray, MRI or CT scan may also be recommended to evaluate the stage of the disease.
A good podiatrist will suggest the following treatment methods:
There is no known way to prevent rheumatoid arthritis, as the causes are presently unknown. There are several ways to reduce your risk of major joint damage after a diagnosis of this condition: